Baron Rothschild

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Barony of Rothschild

Quarterly: 1st, Or an eagle displayed Sable langued Gules; 2nd, Azure issuing from the sinister flank an arm embowed proper grasping five arrows points downward Argent; 3rd, Azure issuing from the dexter flank an arm embowed proper grasping five arrows points downward Argent; 4th, Or a Lion rampant Gules; over all an escutcheon Gules charged with an oval target with pointed center Argent per bend sinister
Creation date29 June 1885
Created byQueen Victoria
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderSir Nathan Rothschild, Bt
Present holderJacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild
Heir apparentNathaniel Philip Rothschild
Remainder toHeirs male of the body of the first baron; failing, heirs male of the sons of the first baron's brother
Former seat(s)Tring Park Mansion
MottoConcordia, Integritas, Industria (Latin for 'Harmony, Integrity, Industry')[1]

Baron Rothschild, of Tring in the County of Hertfordshire, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[1] It was created in 1885 for Sir Nathan Rothschild, 2nd Baronet, a member of the Rothschild banking family.[2] He was the first Jewish member of the House of Lords not to have previously converted to Christianity. The current holder of the title is Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild, who inherited the barony in 1990.


The Rothschild baronetcy, of Grosvenor Place, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1847 for Anthony de Rothschild, a banker and politician, with remainder to the male issue of his elder brother, Lionel de Rothschild, the first ever practicing Jewish Member of Parliament.[3] Both Anthony and Lionel were sons of the influential financier Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777–1836), founder of the English branch of the Rothschild family.

The first Baronet was succeeded according to the special remainder by his nephew, the aforementioned second Baronet,[4] who was elevated to the peerage in 1885. Although other ethnic Jews such as Sampson Eardley and Benjamin Disraeli had already received peerages, both were brought up as Christians from childhood, and Eardley's Irish peerage did not entitle him to a seat in the House of Lords. Rothschild was thus the first practicing Jew to sit in the House of Lords.

He was succeeded by his eldest son, Walter, the second Baron. He was a banker and politician but is best remembered for his interest in zoology. He died without male issue and his brother had predeceased him, so upon his death, the titles passed to his nephew Victor, the third Baron. He was the only son of the Hon. Charles Rothschild.

As of 2020, the titles are held by the third Baron's eldest son, Jacob, the fourth Baron, who succeeded in 1990.[1]

Austrian title[edit]

In 1822, the hereditary title of Freiherr (baron) of the Austrian Empire was granted in the Austrian nobility by Emperor Francis I of Austria to the five sons of Mayer Amschel Rothschild.[5] In 1838, Queen Victoria authorized the use of this Austrian baronial title in the United Kingdom by Lionel de Rothschild and certain other members of the Rothschild family.[6][7] However, the use of such foreign titles in the United Kingdom was subsequently limited by a warrant of 27 April 1932.[8]

Rothschild baronets, of Grosvenor Place (1847)[edit]

Arms of the Rothschild baronets[4]

Barons Rothschild (1885)[edit]

Line of succession[edit]

According to the rules of inheritance of British peerages, the title is passed to the closest male heir (usually the eldest son) bypassing any daughters or other female family members.

  1. The Hon. Nathaniel Philip Rothschild (b. 1971), only son of the fourth Baron.[1]
  2. James Amschel Victor Rothschild (b. 1985), nephew of the fourth Baron.[1]
  3. son (b. 2022), grand-nephew of the fourth Baron.[1]

There are no other living male-line descendants of the first Baron (so the succession currently ends there); but there are living male-line descendants of Lionel Nathan de Rothschild who are in remainder to the baronetcy only. Those in positions (4) to (9) below are these descendants:


  1. ^ a b c d e f Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 3415–3418. ISBN 978-0-9711966-2-9.
  2. ^ "No. 25486". The London Gazette. 3 July 1885. p. 3060.
  3. ^ "No. 20684". The London Gazette. 18 December 1864. p. 5885.
  4. ^ a b "Rothschild baronets". Debrett's illustrated baronetage and knightage. 1880. p. 384.
  5. ^ Constantin von Wurzbach (1874). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich (in German). Vienna: Zamarski. p. 120. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  6. ^ "Lionel Rothschild". Bulletins of State Intelligence. 1838. p. 220.
  7. ^ "No. 19628". The London Gazette. 22 June 1838. p. 1413.
  8. ^ Velde, François (28 June 2007). "Foreign Titles in the UK". Retrieved 8 August 2019.

External links[edit]